Sun Temple Martland in Kashmir

Historically, Kashmir is referred to as the ‘Kashmiri Valley’, however, today Kashmir denotes a much larger area that is administered by the state of Jammu and Kashmir. During the first half of the millennium, Kashmir was a hub for the growth of Hinduism and later Buddhism.

From the start of the Mir Dynasty in 1339, Muslim monarchs ruled Kashmir until 1819 when it was taken over by the Sikhs under the rule of Ranjit Singh. In 1846 after the defeat of the Sikhs in the Anglo-Sikh war, it was taken over by the British.